Historically, both these blue beauties have been associated with fascinating beliefs. In the medieval times, aquamarine was carried by sailors because it was believed to protect them from the rough seas and turbulent storms.
Pearls, unlike other gemstones, are not found underground. Instead, they are formed in living organisms like oysters and mussels. Since naturally produced pearls are almost extinct, the demand for cultured pearls produced in pearl farms has increased exponentially in the last century.
With naturally occurring pearls almost non-existent, the demand for cultured pearls has skyrocketed over the years. That has led to an exponential increase in the production of different varieties of cultured pearl including Akoya and Tahitian
These two gemstones display some level of similarity in terms of their appearance, but they have their own specialty. What makes Rhodolite stand out is its high refractive index, which gives it an extraordinary brilliance. Even under poor lighting conditions, this gem manages to emit a bright shine.
The pearl happens to be the only gem that is born within a living organism. It is a one-of-a-kind treasure that reflects beauty, transformation, vulnerability as well as strength.
Although tsavorite resembles the emerald, in reality it is an expensive type of garnet (grossular). This gem cannot be found anywhere else on earth except for east Africa; Kenya’s Taita and the Arusha region in Tanzania being the primary sources
Opals have a rating of 5.5 – 6.5 on Mohs scale of mineral hardness, while the moonstone falls between 6 and 6.5. This essentially means that both of them are susceptible to scratches and breakage, with opals being a tad more vulnerable.
In spite of the similarity in their appearances, orange sapphires and citrines have their unique features. Orange sapphire’s naturally occurring hue is rare and no gemstone can achieve it without being treated; this fact makes it exceptionally special.
In ancient Rome, Greece and Egypt, people would often set peridot in gold, and use it as a powerful talisman against nightmares and evil spirits. Other legends claimed that peridot promoted happiness and self-esteem. This stone that has been mined for thousands of years has also found a mention in the Bible under the Hebrew name “pitdah”.
Diamonds are believed to have been first mined around 4000 years ago in India along the banks of river Krishna, Penner and Godavari. According to historians, India began trading diamonds as early as the 4th century BC. In the 1700s, Brazil emerged as the important source for diamonds. The first great South African diamond deposit was discovered in the late 1800s.
As mentioned above, even good quality emeralds tend to have inclusions that are visible to the naked eye. These flaws have a grass-like appearance and are therefore referred to as ‘jardin’, which translates to ‘garden’ in French.
Brazil is the leading source of aquamarine with mines spread all across the country. This clear blue crystal is also mined in Australia, Myanmar (Burma), China, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Zambia and Zimbabwe, as well as USA. The largest documented aquamarine was found in 1910 in Brazil, which weighed around 244 pounds.
Blue topaz stones are reasonably priced in comparison to other popular blue gems, such as sapphire and tanzanite. This is mainly due to its abundant availability in nature. However, when found in its rough form, a topaz is generally clear white or brown in color. Since natural blue topaz stones are extremely rare, most of the Swiss and London blue varieties available today are actually treated white topaz gems
Amethyst has been a highly esteemed gem for centuries and was once equivalent to rubies and sapphires. The discovery of huge deposits of amethyst stones in South America and other countries increased its availability and simultaneously reduced its rarity and price
Pearl has four main types – Freshwater, Akoya, South Sea and Tahitian. They come from different locations around the world, and are born within diverse oysters and mussels. Since natural pearls are almost extinct, they are now obtained through painstaking cultivation efforts